- The United Kingdom is a parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch.
- King or Queen is the head of state while Prime Minister leads the government with the Cabinet and ministers.
- The Government is responsible for deciding how the country is run and for managing it. To make new laws or raise new taxes the Government needs Parliament’s agreement.
- The Cabinet meets to discuss the most important issues for the government and consists of senior members of the government. It is the most important decision-maker in the government.
- Ministers come from House of Commons and House of Lords. They are being chosen by the Prime Minister. They are responsible for their departments.
- Parliament is the highest legislative authority in the UK.
- It monitors the work of government and also checks and approves new laws.
- It is also known as the “Legislature”.
- The headquarters of parliament are located at Houses of Parliament in London.
- The United Kingdom has a unitary system of government but some powers have been given to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
- Only the United Kingdom´’s Government can represent it abroad.
- National Governments in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland: The government runs the country. It is responsible for developing and executing policy and for planning laws. It is also known as the ‘Executive’.
- The United Kingdom has a civil service that acts impartially. It doesn’t change when the government changes.
- It does the practical and administrative work of government.
- The British constitution is uncodified; it is flexible.
Symbols of the State’s Powers and the Institutions
- Flags: Each country has its flag.
- The Union Jack is the national flag of the whole United Kingdom. It is the combination of English, Scottish, Northern Ireland’s and Welsh flags.
- Saint George’s Cross is the national flag of England.
- The Saint Andrew’s Cross is the national flag of Scotland.
- The Baner Cymru or Y Ddraig Goch is the national flag of Wales.
- National Anthems:
- The British National Anthem is God Save the Queen. It represents the whole of the United Kingdom.
- At most international sporting events Scotland uses “Flower of Scotland” as its national anthem.
- Anthem of Wales is Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau (Old Land of My Fathers).
- Northern Ireland does not have anthem but songs Londonderry Air and Ireland’s Call are used at some events to represent it.
Open TextBooks are collaborative projects, with people from all over the world bringing their skills and interests to join in the compilation and dissemination of knowledge to everyone and everywhere.
Become an Ambassador and write your textbooks.
Become a Books4Languages Online tutor & teacher.
More information here about how to be a tutor.