Unit 7.1

Work and economy

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Hours of Work, Breaks and Holidays

  • Working hours:
    • The working hours is 48 hours a week on average. You can not work more.
    • For people younger than 18 working hours is 40 for a week.
  • Breaks
    • There are three types of breaks in the United Kingdom. These are rest breaks at work, daily rest and weekly rest.
      • Rest breaks at work: Workers have the right to a 20-minute break during their working day. If the working hours are more than 6 hours, there could be a lunch or a tea break.
      • Daily rest: Workers have the right to 11 hours rest between working days.
      • Weekly rest: Workers have the right to 24 hours rest without any work each week.
  • Holidays:
    • In England and Wales there are 8 bank holidays – holidays which are free day:
      • New Year’s Day on 1st January;
      • Good Friday in March or April;
      • Easter Monday in March or April;
      • May Day in May;
      • Spring Bank Holiday in May;
      • Summer Bank Holiday in August;
      • Christmas Day on 25 December;
      • Boxing Day on 26 December.
    • Scotland has 9 bank holidays:
      • New Year’s Day on 1st January;
      • 2nd January;
      • Good Friday in March or April;
      • Early May in May;
      • Spring bank holiday in May;
      • Summer bank holiday in August;
      • St Andrew’s Day on 30 November;
      • Christmas Day on 25 December;
      • Boxing Day on 26 December.
    • Northern Ireland has 10 bank holidays:
      • New Year’s Day on 1st January;
      • St Patrick’s Day on 17 March;
      • Good Friday in March or April;
      • Easter Monday in March or April;
      • May Day in May;
      • Spring bank holiday in May;
      • Battle of the Boyne (Orangemen’s Day) on 12 July;
      • Summer bank holiday in August;
      • Christmas Day on 25 December;
      • Boxing Day on 26 December.

Areas of Cities where Offices are found

  • Offices can be found on the first floors of residential buildings.
  • There are also office buildings in the centre and the outskirts of cities in developed spaces.
  • Skyscrapers can have specific floors for offices, while other floors contain, for example, apartments

Classification of Individuals According to Their Situations Regarding the Job Market

  • Unemployed:
    • Unemployed status means that a person does not have work but is searching for one.
    • The unemployment rate is falling in the United Kingdom.
    • In 2019 it was at a 3.8% rate.
  • Employed:
    • In 2019 the employment rate was at 76.3%. Around 80% of men and 72.3% of women were employed.
  • Economic inactivity:
    • Economical inactive people are the ones who do not work and do not search for any.
    • Economic inactivity in the United Kingdom in 2019 was around 20.6 %.
    • From economical inactive people around 15.1% were retired men, and 11.8% were retired women.

 

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