Unit 4.1

Infinitive

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Introduction

The infinitive [infinitivo] is one of the non-personal forms of the verb, which has neither gender nor number. It is also the base form [forma base] of the verb.

Form

The infinitive is used:

Example

  • Hay que cambiar de impresora porque esta ya no funciona;
  • Estoy triste porque hubo un eclipse y no pude verlo;
  • Os gustaba ir al río de vacaciones en 1995;
  • Hace tiempo que me pongo la mascarilla antes de bajar a la calle;
  • Lávate las manos al menos una vez después de llegar a casa.

Use

{See infinitive, Level A1}

Summary

The infinitive is the base form of the verb. It is an impersonal form of the verb and therefore has neither gender nor number.

For example:
— «Hay que lavarse las manos antes de comer.»= Hay que + infinitive;
— «Lávate las manos antes de comerlo= after the personal pronoun CD;
— «Me gusta comer con las manos lavadas.» = after the verb gustar;
— «Antes de comer debe lavarse las manos.» = Antes de + infinitive.

Check the contents of the {Form} section. Then move on the {Example} sections, which shows you the usage in context.

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