Unit 11.1

Consecutive Adverbial Subordinate Consecutive Sentences

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Introduction

The subordinate clause [oración subordinada] is a compound sentence structurally dependent on another sentence’s nucleus, called the main sentence [oración principal].

There are three types of subordinate clauses: noun, adjective (or relative) and adverbial [sustantivas, adjetivas (o de relativo) y adverbiales].

Adverbial subordinate clauses [oraciones subordinadas adverbiales] express a circumstance of the main verb. Consecutive adverbial subordinate sentences [oraciones subordinadas adverbiales consecutivas] indicate the consequence that follows from the main action, to which a nexus connect it.

Form

Consecutive adverbial subordinate clauses have two types: coordinated and juxtaposed.

Both types are in the indicative mode but have their own characteristics and nexuses.

Coordinated

Coordinated consecutive adverbial sentence are connected to the main sentence with the consecutive connector entonces;

They have the following structure:
Main sentence + , + entonces + subordinate clause (verb in the indicative).

Juxtaposed

Juxtaposed consecutive adverbial sentences are connected to the main sentence with the consecutive connector por eso;

They have the following structure:
Main sentence + , + por eso + subordinate clause (verb in the indicative).

Example

Coordinated:

  • No quiso explicarme matemáticas, entonces decidí no hablarle más;
  • Parecía que el ordenador no iba a funcionar, entonces vino el informático y lo arregló;
  • Hacía mi experimento tranquilamente en el laboratorio, entonces entró un científico.

Juxtaposed:

  • Tengo DVD en mi casa, por eso creo que deberíamos ver la película allí;
  • Mi abuela quiere aprender a navegar por internet, por eso lleva un año tomando clases prácticas;
  • Viniste a visitarme cuando enfermé por el virus, por eso eres mi mejor amigo.

Use

Consecutive adverbial subordinate clauses are used to express a consequence that follows from the main action. A nexus connect them:

  • in coordinated sentences, the nexus entonces signals deduction;
  • in juxtaposed sentences, the nexus por eso, signals the consequence and result of verbal action.

Summary

Consecutive sentences indicate the consequence that follows from the main action. In Spanish, they can be distinguished into coordinated and juxtaposed.

The structure is:
Main sentence + por eso/así que + subordinate clause.

For example:
—«Estoy enfermo, por eso no voy al trabajo». = La enfermedad  is the cause of la ausencia en el trabajo;
— «Estoy enfermo, así que no voy al trabajo». = La enfermedad is the cause of la ausencia en el trabajo.

Check the contents of the {Form} section. Then move on to the {Example} section, which shows you the usage in context.

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