Unit 11.1

Compound Sentence

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Introduction

The compound sentence [oracion compuesta] is a sentence made up of more than one predicate (its nucleus is a verb). These sentences are joined with a proposition [proposición] and are divided into coordinate and subordinate sentences [oraciones coordinadas y subordinadas].

According to coordination, they can be copulativedisjunctiveadversative, and distributive.

Depending on the subordination, they can be substantiveadjective or relative, and adverbial.

Form

The compound sentence is a type of sentence made up of more than one predicate, i.e., more than one conjugated verb.

It always has the same structure:
Subject + predicate (more than one conjugated verb) + object + …

These sentences are divided according to two criteria, coordination and subordination:

Compound sentences by coordination

They are made up of two or more sentences joined by conjunctions or conjunctive locutions (sets of words that function as conjunction).

There are four types of compound coordinate sentences: copulative, disjunctive, adversative, and distributive.

Compound sentences by subordination

They are structurally dependent on the nucleus of another sentence, called the main sentence.

There are three types of compound subordinate clauses: noun, adjective (or relative clauses), and adverbial.

Example

Coordinated sentences:

  • Yo soy el rey y tú eres la reina;
  • ¿Quieres ser abogado o prefieres policía?
  • Soy cristiano pero también soy budista;
  • Unos van a la iglesia, otros van a la sinagoga.

Subordinate clauses:

  • Gobernar un estado no es tan complicado;
  • El presidente que lleva peluca antes era rubio;
  • La capital está muy poblada porque es el centro del país.

Use

Compound sentences deal with more complex sets of ideas and express them in a single proposition by intregrating two or more simple sentences, i.e. two or more predicates (verbs).

Summary

The compound sentence is a type of sentence made up of more than one predicate (its nucleus is a verb). In Spanish, they are divided into coordinated and subordinated sentences.

However, they always have the same formula:

Subject + predicate (more than one conjugated verb) + object + …

For example:
— «Me gustan las manzanas y también las peras» = Coordinated sentence with y;
— «Las manzanas que compraste estaban podridas» = Subordinate Sentecen.

Check the contents of the {Form} section. Then move on to the {Example} section, which shows you the usage in context.

Related

The compound sentence is a type of sentence made up of more than one predicate (its nucleus is a verb). They are divided into coordinated sentences (copulative, disjunctive, adversative and distributive) and subordinate sentences (noun, adjective or relative and adverbial).

Exercises


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Español (original) | français | Italiano | Polskie

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