Unit 8.1

Relative Pronoun Que

Contributors

Introduction

Pronouns [pronombres] replace nouns (people, animals, facts, or things) to avoid repetition.

Relative pronoun que [pronombre relativo que] refers to nouns (people or things) in a sentence.

Form

Que is a relative pronoun, and its forms have these characteristics:

  • it is invariable, does not have an accent mark, and is unstressed (it is not stressed in speech);
  • it appears in relative specific clauses (in the function of subject and direct complement) when the noun or noun phrase to which it refers is known.

Its position in the sentence is as follows:

Noun/nominal phrase + relative clause [que + verb + …]

NOTE: Qué with accent mark is an interrogative pronoun.

Example

  • Ya verás el vino que te he traído de Algeria;
  • El anime que producen en Japón es de buena calidad;
  • La consola que quieres vale quinientos euros;
  • En Canadá, que es un país de América, siempre hace frío;
  • El bonito, que es un tipo de pescado, te aporta mil calorías.

Use

Relative pronoun que refers to the noun (person or thing) of the main sentence and introduces an adjective subordinate clause (or relative) describing this noun.

Summary

In Spanish, pronouns point to or represent persons or objects; they refer to facts already known to the speaker and the listener, replacing nouns. Que can be a relative pronoun or an interrogative pronoun: when it is a relative pronoun, it does not have an accent.

For example:
— «El chico que lleva la camiseta azul me ha pegado.» = Referring to a person;
— «La falda que vi en la tienda ayer me gustó mucho.» = Referring to a thing;
— «¿Qué vas a comer hoy = At the beginning of the question before the verb;
— «¿Qué parte de la tarea es la más difícil= At the beginning of the question before the noun.

Check the contents of the {Form} section. Then move on to the {Example} section, which shows you the usage in context.

Exercises


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