Unit 0

Cardinals numbers 0-10

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Introduction

Numbers [números] can be represented by digits or words and generally express quantity (cardinal numbers) or order in a sequence (ordinal numbers).

Cardinal numbers [números cardinales] are used to indicate the quantity of something.

Form

Cardinal numbers are placed before nouns when they accompany them, and some of them vary in gender and number.

Cardinal numbers from 0 to 10 have the following forms:

  • 0 – cero;
  • 1 – uno/un o una;
  • 2 – dos;
  • 3 – tres;
  • 4 – cuatro;
  • 5 – cinco;
  • 6 – seis;
  • 7 – siete;
  • 8 – ocho;
  • 9 – nueve;
  • 10 – diez.

Example

  1. Tengo dos coches blancos;
  2. Tu bebé pesa ocho kilos;
  3. Ella tiene diez años;
  4. Estamos a siete de agosto;
  5. Son las seis menos cinco;
  6. La historia comenzó en el año uno D.C.

Use

Cardinal numbers are used to indicate:

  1. number of people, animals or things;
  2. measurements, weights, and distances;
  3. age;
  4. dates;
  5. hours;
  6. years.

Summary

Cardinal numbers are used to talk about a number of people, animals or things. They usually appear before nouns. In Spanish, the numbers from 1 to 10 are:

  • 0 – cero
  • 1 – uno/un o una
  • 2 – dos
  • 3 – tres
  • 4 – cuatro
  • 5 – cinco
  • 6 – seis
  • 7 – siete
  • 8 – ocho
  • 9 – nueve
  • 10 – diez

For example:
— «un coche.» = 1 coche.

— «dos coches.» = 2 coches.

Check the contents of the {Form} section. Then move on to the {Example} section, which shows you the usage in context.

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This book is available in:
Español (original) | français | Italiano | Polskie

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