Unit 2.2

Present indicative of the verb Ser

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Introduction

The present indicative [presente de indicativo] is a verb tense that expresses actions that occur at the moment of speaking, general things, habitual actions, and future actions.

The verb ser is an irregular verb used to identify things and places in a permanent state.

Form

The verb ser is an irregular verb and is not conjugated according to its infinitive ending.

The verb ser in the present indicative is conjugated as follows:

Persona Ser
Yo soy
eres
Él/Ella/Usted es
Nosotros/-as somos
Vosotros/-as sois
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes son

NOTE: When the verb is used with demonstrative pronouns (Este, ese, aquel…), it is placed after them.

Example

  • Yo soy Javier, el bombero;
  • Tú eres alta y simpática;
  • Este es un normalmente un restaurante francés;
  • Nosotros somos siempre los jugadores amarillos;
  • Vosotras sois estas dos morenas de la foto;
  • ¿Qué hora es? → Son las cuatro y media.

Use

The verb ser is used to:

  • identify (without an adjective);
  • to describe the character and the physique of a person;
  • to express nationalities, origins, professions, or ideology;
  • talk about colours and materials;
  • identify nouns with pronouns;
  • to ask for the date and time (temporal location).

Summary

In Spanish, the verb ser has an irregular conjugation used to identify things and places in a permanent state.

For example:

Por ejemplo:
— «el hombre es rubio.» = to describe physical.
— «el hombre es profesor.»= to express profession.
— «el hombre es el que vimos ayer.» = location.

Check the contents of the {Form} section. Then move on to the {Example} section, which shows you the usage in context.

Exercises


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Español (original) | français | Italiano | Polskie

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