Unit 4.1

Adjective Gender

Advertising

Introduction

The adjective [adjetivo] modifies the noun, indicating its characteristics or qualities.

The adjective gender [género de los adjectivos] can be masculine or femenine.

Form

The adjective gender is either masculine or feminine. Adjectives agree in gender with the nouns that complement and always come after or before them.

To create adjectives of the feminine gender from those of the masculine gender, we follow these rules:

  • adjectives ending in the vowel o: we replace –o for –a;
Masculino Femenino
blanco blanca
guapo guapa
pequeño pequeña
  • adjectives ending in a consonant: they keep the same form;
Masculino Femenino
azul azul
cortés cortés
marrón marrón
  • Adjectives indicate origin (gentilics): we add -a, except for those ending in -a, -e, -í, which are the same in the masculine and feminine.
Masculino Femenino
alemán alemana
francés francesa
belga belga
costarricense costarricense
marroquí marroquí

Example

  • Esa niña lleva un jersey blanco;
  • El norte está cubierto de nieve blanca;
  • La falda de esa mujer es azul;
  • Creo que hoy el cielo va a estar azul;
  • Un hombre alemán está en la playa con su mujer belga;
  • El caballo belga es más rápido que la yegua alemana.

Use

The adjective is used to add information to a noun, describing a noun’s attributes and modifying it, indicating its characteristics or qualities.

Summary

Adjectives indicate characteristics of nouns. In Spanish, adjectives have gender (masculine, feminine) and number (singular, plural). Although most macsuline adjectives end in -o and feminine adjectives end in -a, there are exceptions.

For example:
— «Un perro blanco/Una jirafa amarilla = Ending -o for masculine and -a for the feminine;
— «El cielo azul/La bandera azul = Equal consonant ending for masculine and femenine;
— «Un chico belga/Una chica belga = Endings in -a are the same for masculine and feminine.

Check the contents of the {Form} section. Then move on to the {Example} section, which shows you the usage in context.

Exercises


The exercises are not created yet. If you would like to get involve with their creation, be a contributor.



Ambassadors

Open TextBooks are collaborative projects, with people from all over the world bringing their skills and interests to join in the compilation and dissemination of knowledge to everyone and everywhere.

Become an Ambassador and write your textbooks.

Online Teaching

Become a Books4Languages Online tutor & teacher.

More information here about how to be a tutor.

Translations

This book is available in:
Español (original) | français | Italiano | Polskie

Ambassadors

The Books4Languages is a collaborative projects, with people from all over the world bringing their skills and interests to join in the compilation and dissemination of knowledge to everyone, everywhere.

License