Unit 7.1

Copulative Sentence

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Introduction

The simple sentence [oración simple] is a type of sentence with only a predicate made up of a verb and other words.

Simple sentences are divided according to the attitude of the speaker [actitud del hablante] and the nature of the predicate [naturaleza del predicado]

The copulative or attributive sentence [oración copulativa o atributiva] is a type of simple sentence depending on the nature of the predicate. It expresses the quality of the subject and is made up of a copulative verb and an attribute.

Form

The copulative sentence is a type of simple sentence that has a copulative verb and is created following this pattern:

(Subjet +) copulative verb + attribute [adjectival/adverbial/prepositional phrase] + …

The copulative verbs we use are ser and estar. The attribute can be an adjectival, adverbial or prepositional phrase.

Example

  • La empresa es famosa en todo el mundo;
  • El paro es muy alto;
  • Las tiendas son de deportes;
  • Las vacaciones están sobrevaloradas;
  • Los ordenadores de la oficina están para el arrastre.

Use

Copulative sentences are used to indicate the quality or state of the subject.

Summary

The copulative sentence is a type of simple sentence with a copulative verb and expresses the quality of the subject.

In Spanish, its structure is:
(Subject +) Copulative Verb + attribute [adjectival, adverbial, prepositional syntagm ] + … 

For example:
— «El partido fue emocionante.» = it has the copulative verb ser;
— «El trabajador está agotado.» = it has the copulative verb estar;
— «Eso que dijo parece cierto.» = it has the copulative verb parecer.

Check the contents of the {Form} section. Then move on to the {Example} section, which shows you the usage in context.

Exercises


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