Unit 10.2

Vocative

Advertising

Introduction

The noun phrase (NP) [sintagma nominal] is a group of words that performs a syntactic function in the sentence and whose nucleus can be a noun, a pronoun, or a substantive phrase.

The vocative [vocativo] is one word or various words with which the speaker gets the attention of the person he/she is addressing.

Form

The vocative is used to call the person the speaker is addressing. It is usually in the form of a proper noun and is at the beginning or end of the sentence, separated from the rest of the sentence by one comma.

The vocative usually follows these formulas:

Noun + , + sentence.
Sentence + , + noun.

Example

  • Sara, ¿te vienes a la playa?
  • Paco, creo que te has equivocado de hotel;
  • María, dile a tu madre que nos vamos de campin;
  • ¿Has encontrado ya alojamiento, Javi?
  • Cuéntame cómo te han ido las vacaciones, Marta.

Use

The vocative is used to call or name a person when addressing him or her.

Summary

Vocative words serve to nominate or invoke someone. In Spanish, proper nouns are usually used.

For example:
— «Feliz día del padre, papá»;

— «Luis, ¿has llamado a mi padre?».

NOTE: Vocative words are always written between commas.

Check the contents of the {Form} section. Then move on to the {Example} section, which shows you the usage in context.

Related

The vocative is a word or words with which the speaker draws the attention of the person addressed and is usually in the form of a proper noun. The vocative is an element of the noun phrase.

Exercises


The exercises are not created yet. If you would like to get involve with their creation, be a contributor.



Ambassadors

Open TextBooks are collaborative projects, with people from all over the world bringing their skills and interests to join in the compilation and dissemination of knowledge to everyone and everywhere.

Become an Ambassador and write your textbooks.

Online Teaching

Become a Books4Languages Online tutor & teacher.

More information here about how to be a tutor.

Translations

This book is available in:
Español (original) | français | Italiano | Polskie

Ambassadors

The Books4Languages is a collaborative projects, with people from all over the world bringing their skills and interests to join in the compilation and dissemination of knowledge to everyone, everywhere.

License