A syntagma [sintagma] is a word or set of words that perform a syntactic function in a sentence. According to their nucleus, there are five types of syntagms: nominal, verbal, adjectival, adverbial, and prepositional.
The verbal phrase (VP) [sintagma verbal (SV)] is a syntactic structure whose nucleus is a verb (predicate, copulative or attributive, auxiliary) on which other complements of the verb in the sentence depend.
The verbal phrase performs the functions of the predicate.
It has this structure:
Nucleus + complements (attribute, direct complement, indirect complement, circumstantial complement...).
The verbal syntagm is made up of two parts: the nucleus and the complement.
The nucleus of the verbal phrase is the verb, and it is the essential and obligatory element in the sentence.
The nucleus can be:
- predicative verb (gustar, hablar, leer, escribir, pensar, hacer, etc.);
- copulative or attributive verb (ser, estar y parecer);
- auxiliary verb (haber, ser, estar, tener, ir, acabar, empezar, volver, poder, etc.);
- pseudo-copulative verb (ponerse, quedarse, hacerse, volverse, etc.).
The complement of the verbal phrase is a word or words that complement and modify the meaning of the verbal nucleus (verb).
The complement of the verb can be:
- direct complement;
- indirect complement;
- circumstantial complement;
- Yo le leo una revista a Laura;
- Tú estás cansado de escuchar la radio;
- Él ha llegado al quiosco;
- Nosotras nos pusimos verdes de envidia al ver su ordenador.
- Yo estoy cansado de escuchar la radio;
- Tú le lees una revista a Laura;
- Él le lee una revista a Laura;
- Nosotras hemos llegado al quiosco.
— «Él tiene una nueva televisión.» = The verb as a nucleus;
— «Él tiene una nueva televisión.» = Direct complement (DC).
A syntagma is a word or set of words that perform a syntactic function in the sentence. According to their nucleus, there are five types of syntagms: nominal, verbal, adjectival, adverbial and prepositional. For example, the verbal syntagm (SV) is a syntactic structure formed by a nucleus (predicative, copulative or attributive verb, auxiliary verb) and complements of the verb.
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