Unit 1.2

Adjective Gender

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Introduction

The adjective [adjetivo] modifies the noun, indicating its characteristics or qualities.

Adjectives agree in gender [género] and number [número] with the nouns they accompany.

Form

Regarding the formation of the gender of adjectives, the following information and rules are also important:

  • Adjectives ending in -e have the same form in the masculine and feminine;
Masculino Femenino
agradable agradable
inteligente inteligente
verde verde
  • Derived adjectives ending in -dor, -sor, -tor form the feminine by adding the ending -a.
Masculino Femenino
encantador encantadora
defensor defensora
receptor receptora

 

Example

  • -e:
    • La semana que viene hará una temperatura agradable;
    • Ha soplado un viento agradable durante todo el día;
    • Hay vida inteligente en el espacio después de todo;
    • Muchas veces los monos parecen inteligentes;
    • La flor y el tallo no se mantienen verdes en otoño.
  • -dor, -sor, -tor:
    • Todos los meses ella espera a su príncipe encantador;
    • Marta pasó una encantadora velada por su cumpleaños;
    • El abogado defensor se reúne con la abogada defensora una vez a la semana;
    • El aparato receptor de señales falla con frecuencia;
    • La jugadora receptora del balón marcó un tanto durante el partido.

Use

{See Types of Adjectives, level A1}

Summary

The adjective modifies the noun, indicating its characteristics or qualities. In Spanish, the adjective has gender and number, which must be the same as the noun it accompanies:

  • Adjectives ending in -z, –a o –e: they have the same form in masculine and feminine gender;
  • Adjectives ending in –án, –ón, –or: we add -a to formalise the feminine.

For example:
— «El árbol verde (=masculine)/ La camiseta verde (=feminine)»;

— «El libro aterrorizador (=masculine)/La película aterrorizadora (=feminine)».

Check the contents of the {Form} section. Then move on to the {Example} section, which shows you the usage in context.

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