Unit 6.1

The verb periphrasis Ir a + infinitive

Contributors

Introduction

A verbal periphrasis [perífrasis verbal] is a grammatical construction consisting of two or more verbs that function as one in the sentence. In these cases, the personal auxiliary verb (conjugated) is joined to another non-personal auxiliary verb with neither gender nor number (it can be infinitive, gerund or participle).

The periphrasis ir a + infinitive [perífrasis ir a + infinitivo] is a construction used to talk about future actions.

Form

The verb periphrasis ir a + infinitive is formed with the present indicative of the verb ir followed by a and the verb in the infinitive according to this formula:
(Subject +) Ir + a + verb in the infinitive + … 

Persona Ir a Infinitivo
Yo voy a hablar/comer/vivir
vas a
Él/Ella/Usted va a
Nosotros/-as vamos a
Vosotros/-as vais a
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes van a

Example

  • Voy a hablar de un pintor famoso en clase;
  • ¿De verdad vas a comer en un palacio convertido en restaurante?
  • Sandra va a vivir del dinero que gane con la poesía;
  • Vamos a hablar con los ganadores del concurso de piano;
  • Vais a comer con el arquitecto que diseñó las Torres KIO;
  • Paco y Marta van a vivir para siempre en su fotografía.

Use

The periphrasis ir a + infinitive is an inchoative periphrasis. That is, it implies or denotes the beginning of a thing or a progressive action.

It is used to:

  • describe an action to be performed immediately // describe temporal features;
  • describe a future action;
  • reflect an intention.

Summary

The verbal periphrasis ir a + infinitive is a construction that, in Spanish, is used to talk about future actions.

It is formed according to this formula:
(Subject +) Ir + a + verb in the infinitive + …

For example:
— «Voy a trabajar todo el día mañana» = after voy a the verb trabajar goes in infinitive;
— «Ellos van a ir al teatro la próxima semana» = after van a the verb ir  goes in the infinitive;

Check the contents of the {Form} section. Then move on the {Example} sections, which shows you the usage in context.

Exercises


The exercises are not created yet. If you would like to get involve with their creation, be a contributor.



Translations

This book is available in:
Español (original) | français | Italiano | Polskie

Contributors

License