Unit 5.1

Present of Indicative of the verb Haber

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Introduction

The present indicative [presente de indicativo] tense is a verb tense that expresses actions that occur at the moment of speaking, general things, habitual actions, and future actions.

The verb haber generally serves as an auxiliary verb in the compound tenses.

Form

The verb haber in the personal form in the present indicative is used as an auxiliary verb for the composition of the preterite perfect compound tense (e.g., I have spoken).

The structure of construction with the verb haber in the personal form is as follows:
(Subject +) Haber + past participle + ….

The verb haber in the present indicative is irregular and is conjugated as follows:

Persona Haber
Yo he
has
Él/Ella/Usted ha
Nosotros/-as hemos
Vosotros/-as habéis
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes han

Example

  • Yo he comprado gel de ducha;
  • has limpiado la bañera;
  • Ella ha gastado toda mi crema hidratante;
  • Nosotros no hemos usado nunca desodorante;
  • ¿Vosotras habéis compartido la pasta de dientes alguna vez?
  • Ellos siempre han tenido el mejor equipo de fútbol.

Use

The personal form of the verb haber is used to conjugate the other verbs in the compound tenses. Conjugated in the present indicative, it is used to form the past perfect tense.

Summary

The verb haber has an irregular conjugation, and, in Spanish, it is also used to form some compound tenses.

For example:
— «He comido en un restaurante hoy.» = Yo with the verb comer;
— «Has comido en un restaurante hoy.» = Tú with the verb comer;
— «Habéis comido en un restaurante hoy.» = Ellos with the verb comer.

Check the contents of the {Form} section. Then move on the {Example} sections, which shows you the usage in context.

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