Unit 6.2

Adverbs of Place and Time

Contributors

Introduction

Adverbs [adverbios] modify a verb, adjective or another adverb in a sentence.

Adverbs of place [adverbios de lugar] (prepositional adverbs) give specific information about the place where an action takes place.

Adverbs of time [adverbios de tiempo] (adverbs of sequence, order or succession; prepositive adverbs; negative adverbs) give specific information about the moment and time when the action occurs.

Form

Two categories of adverbs are adverbs of place and adverbs of time.

These advers have no fixed position in the sentence so that they can come before or after the verb.

Adverbs of place

One of the subtypes of adverbs of place are prepositional adverbs, which are combined with the preposition de as follows:

Adverb + de + pronoun/noun

Some examples of these adverbs are: dentro, fuera, abajo, arriba, delante, detrás, lejos, cerca…

Adverbs of time

Adverbs of time are of different types:

  • of sequence, order or succession: primero, luego, después, finalmente…;
  • prepositive: they are combined with the preposition de: antes, después…;
  • temporal complements indicating temporal relationships: la semana pasada, ayer…;
  • negative: nunca.
    It can appear in two positions in a sentence:

    • when it is placed after the verb, this verb must be negated (No lo he visto nunca.);
    • when it is placed in front of the verb, the verb is not denied (Nunca veo la tele.).

Example

  • Primero fueron de paseo, luego de excursión;
  • Antes de tutearnos deberíamos tomarnos una copa juntos;
  • Ayer las vi en la piscina, igual que la semana pasada;
  • ¿Nunca habéis jugado al parchís?
  • No, nosotros no hemos jugado nunca al parchís ni a la oca.

Use

{See Adverbs of Place and Adverbs of Time, level A1}

Summary

Adverbs are words that have the function of modifying a verb, an adjective or another adverb in a sentece.

There are two types of adverbs: adverbs of place and adverbs of time. In Spanish, adverbs have no fixed position in the sentence to go before or after the verb.

For example:
— «Los chicos están abajo». = What matters most in the sentence is where the boys are;
— «Abajo están los chicos». =  What matters most in the sentence is who is under.

Check the contents of the {Form} section. Then move on to the {Example} section, which shows you the usage in context.

Exercises


The exercises are not created yet. If you would like to get involve with their creation, be a contributor.



Translations

This book is available in:
Español (original) | français | Italiano | Polskie

Contributors

License