Language functions

Functions theme 8

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Giving information: correcting other previous information, in response to an affirmative statement

  • No + previous, refusal statement
  • No + new statement

Giving information:correcting other previous information, in response to a negative statement

  • Yes + previous, refusal statement

Asking about the knowledge of something

  • Do you know + noun phrase/infinitive?
  • You know (+ noun phrase/declarative sentence )?

Expressing knowledge

  • I know…
  • I know + noun phrase/declarative sentence

Expressing ignorance

  • I don’t know + noun phrase / infinitive

Responding to an order, request or plea: agreeing to one’s compliance

  • Yes, yes

Responding to an order, request or plea: refusing one’s compliance

  • No (+shake of the head)

Asking for permission

  • Can I, he, she, we, they (+ VPinf .)?

Giving permission

  • Yes
  • You, he, she, they can (+ VPinf. )

Giving permission: Without objections

  • Yes

Denying permission

  • No
  • No + alleviator
  • (I’m) sorry
    You, he, she, they, can’t (+ VP inf .)

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