Unit 6.1



Architecture

Cultural products and creations

Internationally Renowned Pieces of Architecture and Architects

  • Architects:
    • Robert Adam is a British neoclassical architect and interior designer coming from Scotland. He created a theory of movement in architecture and developed and practised with his brothers an Adam Style in architecture and interior design. He was a leader of early classical revival.
    • Benjamin Henry Boneval Latrobe is a British-American neoclassical architect. He emigrated to the USA when he was one of the first professional architects that received formal training. He worked on the United States Capitol in Washington D.C., Baltimore Basilica in Baltimore, Virginia State Penitentiary in Richmond and White House porticos.
    • David Chipperfield is a British architect known for designing and renovating museums. He was the only British architect shortlisted for Tate Modern renovation design. His works are known for practical geometric spaces.
    • James Stirling was a first British architect that won the Pritzker Prize in 1981. He was working mainly in eclectic postmodernism style. He worked on many buildings like History Faculty Library on the University of Cambridge, Engineering Building on the University of Leicester, Neue Staatsgalerie in Stuttgart, Clore Gallery and No 1 Poultry in London.
    • Norman Foster is a second British architect that won the Pritzker Prize in 1999. He is an architect behind well known 30 St Mary Axe building in London. His other famous works include Millau Viaduct in France, Appel Park in Cupertino, Metro de Bilbao in Bilbao, Bejing Airport in Bejing and City Hall in London.
    • Zaha Hadid was a British architect coming from Bangladesh, Iraq. She is the third British architect and the first woman to win the Pritzker Prize. Her works are characterized by a neo-futuristic style. Her works include Phaeno Science Center in Wolfsburg, Rosenthal Center for Contemporary Art in Cincinnati, Bridge Pavilion in Zaragoza and Aquatics Centre in London.
    • Richard Rogers is a British-Italian architect of late modernism and high-tech, the fourth British winner of the Pritzker Prize, Thomas Jefferson Medal in Architecture and much more. Together with Italian architect Renzo Piano, he worked on Centre Pompidou in Paris. He also worked on buildings like Lloyd’s building and Millennium Dome in London, and also on building of European Court of Human Rights.
  • Architecture:
    • Westminster Abbey is a large, Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London. It is one of the United Kingdom’s most notable religious buildings and the traditional place of the coronation and burial site for monarchs.
    • The Clyde Auditorium also know as SEC Armadillo is an auditorium located near the River Clyde, in Glasgow, Scotland. The building has become an iconic image of Glasgow.
    • The Royal Pavilion is located in Brighton and was built as a seaside pleasure palace for King George IV. It mixes Regency grandeur with the visual style of India and China.
    • The Convention Centre Dublin was designed by the Irish-born American architect Kevin Roche. It won silver in ‘Best Overseas Conference Centre‘ in the M&IT Industry Awards 2011.
    • The Shard located in London is one of its iconic buildings. It has 72 floors and 310 m in height which makes it the highest building in London. The project was developed by an Italian architect Renzo Piano.
    • Conwy Castle in Wales is a castle from the XIII century serving as an excellent example of European military architecture from medieval times. It is also included on the World Heritage List by UNESCO.
    • 30 St Mary Axe informally referred to as The Gherkin, is a commercial skyscraper in London. This 41-floor building is one of the most recognizable landmarks in London.

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