Unit 3.1



Services: Sports facilities

Conditions of life and social structure

Main Public Facilities Designed for the Practice of Sports

  • In the early 20th century, the United Kingdom had some of the largest sports facilities in the world, but the level of comfort was not enough by modern standards. However, British facilities have made an important improvement since the 1980s. Football grounds, cricket grounds, rugby grounds, golf courses, athletic stadiums, horse racecourses, motorsport circuits and velodromes are some of the facilities in the UK.
  • Some organisations such as the YMCA and YWCA allow members to use their sports facilities at any time, on payment of a fee.

Sport Facilities for the Practice of Professional Sport and for Matches

Most stadiums in the UK are mostly dedicated to and used by football associations or rugby unions.

  • Wembley Stadium in London is the national stadium of England and the biggest stadium in The United Kingdom. It was created in place of Old Wembley, which stood in the same place from 1923 to 2003. Matches at Wembley are played by the England national football team. It also holds final matches of the English Cup and English League Cup. Other events like races, matches of both rugby and American football and also music events take place here.
  • Twickenham Stadium in Greater London is the biggest rugby stadium in the United Kingdom. It is home to English Rugby Football Union and host matches of English national rugby team. In addition, the stadium hosts events of Middlesex Sevens, English Premiership, Anglo-Welsh Cup and Heineken Cup.
  • Old Trafford in Manchester is a football stadium. It belongs to Manchester United Football Club. It is nicknamed as “The Theatre of Dreams.”
  • Principality Stadium, also known as Millennium Stadium, in Cardiff is a national stadium of Wales and home to its national rugby union team. It also holds Wales national football matches, special stages of the Great Britain Rally, Great Britain Grand Prix Speedway, boxing fights and concerts.
  • Murrayfield Stadium in Edinburgh is the national stadium of Scotland’s rugby team and belongs to Scottish Rugby Union. It is used mostly for rugby matches but it also held American football and football matches.
  • Celtic Park in Glasgow is the largest stadium in Scotland and home to Celtic Football Club. It has a characteristic red brick entrance leading to the main grandstand.
  • Hampden Park is a national stadium of football in Glasgow. There are also located offices of the Scottish Football Association and Scottish Professional Football League.

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