Unit 9.2

Prepositions of Method and Manner


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Introduction

Prepositions are small words that connect elements in a sentence. They are essential because they provide additional details about the sentence.

Prepositions of method and manner are used to explain in what way something is done.

Form

The main prepositions of manner are:

  • by: by + [verb + -ing]/noun
  • withwith + noun

Example

  • I lost 2 kilograms by being vegetarian.
  • She tries to relax by listening to music. 
  • He cooked the Japanese food by traditional methods.
  • We go to school by bus. 
  • He asked for the menu with haste.
  • We screamed with terror. 
  • He burned himself with an iron. 
  • They cut the onion with a knife.

Use

We use prepositions of method and manner to show how we do things:

  • by indicates the action we do in order to get the result;
  • with shows our manner during the action or the objects we use in order to get the results.

Summary

Prepositions of method and manner are used to explain in what way something is done.

The main prepositions of method and manner are:

  • by: to express actions and it is followed by the gerund (verb + -ing) or a noun.
  • with: with objects or tools used to achieve something, and it is usually followed by a noun.

For example:
— “We can handle the situation by talking.” = We use by to indicate the action we do.
— “We can handle the situation with patience.” = We use with to show our manner during the action.

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

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