Unit 9.1

Causal Clauses

Complex Clauses

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Introduction

Causal clauses express the cause or the reason of the main clause.

Form

The causal clause with due to and owing to expresses the reason of the main clause.

The main clause expresses the result of the causal clause.

They have the following structure:
Main clause + due to + noun/-ing form + …
Main clause + owing to + noun/-ing form + …

NOTE: Due to and owing to are used at the beginning of the sentence as long as they are followed by a noun phrase.

Example

  • He couldn’t pass the course due to his low marks.
    Due to his low marks, he couldn’t pass the course.
  • Mark was punished owing to breaking the overhead projector.
    Owing to
     breaking the overhead projector, Mark was punished.

Use

We use due to and owing to to express reasons.

We use them before the reason of the situation of the main clause. They have the same meaning of because of and on account of.

Summary

Causal clauses express the cause or the reason of the main clause.

Due to and owing to express the reason and mean almost the same. They also have similar meaning with because of and on account of.

The structure is:

We start with the main clause followed by due to or owing to and then we have either a gerund or a noun. We can also start with due to or owing to followed by a noun phrase, a comma, and then the main clause.

For example:
Due to his discriminatory behaviour, the professor was fired.” = Due to introduces the reason why the professor was fired.
“He doesn’t have a lifelong friend owing to his ambitions.” = Owing to explains the reason why he doesn’t have a lifelong friend.

NOTE: Due to and owing to can be used at the beginning of the sentence as long as they are followed by a nominal phrase.

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

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