Unit 7.2

Nominalization of Adjectives


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Introduction

Nominalization is the transformation of adverbs, adjectives or other parts of speech into nouns.

We use nominalization to turn verbs and adjectives into nouns in order to use them as subjects or objects of a verb.

We can form nominalization by adding suffixes to adjectives or verbs.

Form

Some of the suffixes used to nominalize adjectives are:

  • ity (real → reality);
  • ist (activeactivist);
  • ness (happyhappiness);
  • th (bornbirth);
  • ty (safesafety).

Example

  • In the absence of reality, we do not know what to do.
  • As a real activist he supports Greenpeace.
  • By achiving a goal you can find happiness.
  • Her stray cat gave birth to two kittens.
  • Right now, there is no safety!

Use

We use nominalization to turn verbs and adjectives into nouns in order to use them as subjects or objects of a verb.

Summary

Nominalization of adjectives is the transformation of adjectives into nouns. We can form nominalization by adding suffixes to adjectives.The reason we do that is because we want to use these nouns as subjects or objects of a verb.

Some of the suffixes used to nominalize adjectives are: -ity, -ist, -ness, -th, -ty.

For example:
“Honesty is the element he appreciates more in a person.” = The adjective honest turned into a noun in order to use it as the subject of the verb is.
“The news of the virus caused a global sadness.” = The adjective sad turned into a noun in order to use it as the object of the verb caused.

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

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