Unit 3.2

Phrasal Verbs


Print This Post Print This Post

Advertising

Introduction

A phrasal verb is a two-part verb formed by a verb and a particle. This particle usually gives verbs a whole new meaning.

Form

Phrasal verb structures consist of a verb followed by a preposition.

Some of the most used are:

  • with break: break up, break out, break dow;
  • with come: come back,come across,come up;
  • with look: look after, look for, look up, look out, look forward;
  • with put: put off, put down, put up with;
  • with take: take off, take after, take back…

Example

  • One prisoner broke out of jail.
  • They came back very late yesterday.
  • came across my friend last week.
  • She always looks up to her father.
  • Look out! You’re going to fall down!
  • We have to put the picnic off, it’s raining.
  • Susie takes after her mother.
  • He has to take his bike back.

Use

According to their meaning, phrasal verbs are used in different contexts.

Below you can see the meanings of some phrasal verbs:

  • Break:
    1. break up: end a relationship;
    2. break out: escape;
    3. break down: stop working.
  • Come:
    1. come back: return;
    2. come across: to meet someone/something by coincidence;
    3. come up: be mentioned.
  • Look:
    1. look after: take care of something or somebody;
    2. look for: search for;
    3. look up: respect;
    4. look out: be careful;
    5. look forward: wait for something with excitement.
  • Put:
    1. put off: postpone;
    2. put down: place something on the table/floor;
    3. put up with: tolerate.
  • Take:
    1. take off: remove a piece of clothing;
    2. take after: to look like someone;
    3. take back: return.

Summary

Phrasal verbs are verbs formed by the combination of a verb and a particle. This particle usually gives verbs a whole new meaning.

The most common used phrasal verbs are:

  • break: break up, break out, break down;
  • come: come back, come across, come up;
  • look: look after, look for, look up, look out, look forward;
  • put: put off, put down, put up with;
  • take: take off, take after, take back…

For example:
— “He told his girlfriend to come back.
— “She should take her book back.

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

Exercises

Content Rating

Please, tell us how to improve the content here.


What did you think of our explanations and exercises?

1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (No Ratings Yet)
Loading...

Ambassadors

Open TextBooks are collaborative projects, with people from all over the world bringing their skills and interests to join in the compilation and dissemination of knowledge to everyone and everywhere.

Become an Ambassador and write your textbooks.

Online Teaching

Become a Books4Languages Online tutor & teacher.

More information here about how to be a tutor.

Translations


Ambassadors

The Books4Languages is a collaborative projects, with people from all over the world bringing their skills and interests to join in the compilation and dissemination of knowledge to everyone, everywhere.

License