Unit 5.1

Defining Relative Clauses

Complex Clauses


Introduction

Relative clauses (defining and non-defining) are used to give extra information about a person, a thing etc. {see Relative pronouns, A1 Level}

Defining relative clauses give essential information to define the object (person, thing etc.) we are talking about.

Form

Defining clauses appear after the noun they describe.

Their structure is:
Subject + Relative Pronoun + Relative Clause + Verb + …

The Relative Pronouns that introduce defining clauses, are:

  • That (relating to both people and things);
  • Which (relating to things);
  • Who (relating to people).

NOTE: We cannot use comma to separate defining relative clauses.

Example

  • The man who lives next door is going to organize a cocktail party.
  • My aunt which works in a school became a widow two days ago.
  • The man that celebrated his silver wedding anniversary is 53 years old.

Use

We use defining relative clauses to give an essential information about somebody or something that we refer to.

License

English Grammar B2 Level Copyright © 2018 by books4languages. All Rights Reserved.