Unit 11.2

Gerunds and Infinitives with Verbs without difference in meaning

Verb Phrase

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Introduction

Sometimes, after certain verbs, we find the gerund (when acting as a noun) or the infinitive and the meaning of those verbs don’t change. {see Verbs followed by Gerunds and Infinitives, A2 level}

Form

These formations have the same structures:

Subject + verb + gerund + object…
Subject + verb + to + verb + object…

The most commonly used verbs are: begin, continue, hate, like, love, start, …

Example

Gerund Infinitive
Begin

Continue

They begin digging the hole

She continued driving.

They begin to dig the hole.

She continued to drive.

Hate I hate listening to pop music I hate to listen to pop music
Like They like skydiving. They like to skydive.
Love Adriana loves painting. Adriana loves to paint.
Start We start playing guitar. We start to play guitar.

NOT:

  • After they began commiting murders they were caught by policemen (/begin to).
  • French people continued rising in rebellion in the French Revolution (/continue to rise).
  • Some people like living together (/like to live).
  • Mary I of England started to kill people who were protestant (/start killing).

Use

Sometimes, after certain verbs, we can use both the gerund and the infinitive and the meaning of the sentence does not change.

Summary

After certain verbs, we find the gerund (when acting as a noun) or the infinitive and the meaning of those verbs don’t change. {see Verbs followed by Gerunds and Infinitives, A2 level}

The most commonly used verbs are: begin, continue, hate, like, love, start, …

These formations have the same structures:

  • We start with the subject of the sentence followed by the verb, a gerund and the object of the senence.
  • We start with the subject of the sentence followed by the verb, the preposition to, another verb, and the object of the senence.

For example:
— “She started singing” = “She started to sing.”
— “I like jogging in the morning.” “I like to jog in the morning.”

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

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