Unit 1.2

Enough, Too


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Introduction

Enough and too are words that indicate degree or amount and give us more information about an adjective, an adverb or a noun.

Form

Enough indicates ‘sufficiency’ and too indicates ‘excess’.

They can have different structures.

Enough

Enough can be both a determiner and an adverb. It has the following structures:

Adjective/Adverb + enough + …
Enough + noun + …
Enough + of + pronoun/determiner

Too

Too is only an adverb and it has the following structures:

Too + adjective/adverb + …
Too + adjective or adverb + to do something
Too much + uncountable nouns + …
Too many + countable nouns + …

Example

Enough:

  • I am old enough to drive.
  • Do you have enough money to buy a new car?
  • We’ve had enough of this conversation. 

Too:

  • You are growing up too fast. 
  • It’s too late to apologize.
  • There is too much milk in my coffee.
  • There are too many cars in the street. 

Use

We use enough and too to express an opinion about quantity.  Enough means sufficient and too means more than sufficient.

Summary

Enough and too indicate a degree or amount.
We use enough to indicate the right amount of what we want or need, so it has a positive meaning.
We use too to indicate more than what we want or need, so it usually has a negative meaning.
Enough is usually preceded by an adjective/adverb or followed by a noun/ pronounf and a determiner.
Too is usually followed by an adjective/adverb; much and uncountable nouns, many and countable nouns.

For example:
— “We have enough time.” = positive meaning, we can do what we need to do because we have time.

— “They work too much.” = negative meaning, they work more than they should.

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

Exercises


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