Unit 3.2

Prepositional phrases about Place and movement

Introduction

Prepositional phrases are the result of the combination of a preposition and other elements of the sentence (nouns, pronouns, gerunds…).

Prepositions of place and of movement are used to locate an event in a space frame and to express movement or direction.

Prepositional phrases of place and movement are phrases that include a preposition of place/movement, an object, and any modifiers of the object.

Form

Prepositional phrases are a combination of prepositions with other elements. Two types of prepositional phrases are prepositional phrases of place and of movement.

Prepositional phrases of place

Prepositional phrases of place are the result of the combination of a preposition of place and other elements of the sentence (nouns, pronouns, gerunds…).
Prepositions of place describe the position of a person or thing in relation to another person or thing.
The most common are: in, on, at, between, near, in front of, next to, behind.
They have the following structure:
Preposition + (determiner) + (adjective) + noun

Prepositional phrases of movement

Prepositional phrases of movement are the result of the combination of a preposition of movement and other elements of the sentence (nouns, pronouns, gerunds…).
Prepositions of movement describe movement from one place to another.
The most common are: to, through, over, towards, across, into, down.

They have the following structure:
Preposition + (determiner) + (adjective) + noun

Example

Prepositional phrases of place:

  • There are two dogs in the garden.
  • The books are on the green table.
  • He was waiting for her at the door.

Prepositional phrases of movement:

  • This train goes to Rome.
  • We made our way through the thick forest.
  • She jumper over a two meter high fence.

Use

We use prepositional phrases of place and movement to provide information and details in terms of position, location and direction.

Summary

Prepositional phrases of place and movement are groups of words containing a preposition of place/movement, an object and any modifiers of the object. Prepositional phrases provide important details about the words they modify and typically consist of a preposition followed by a noun group/phrase. 

They have the following structure: preposition followed by a determiner, an adjective and a noun.

For example:
— “My best friend lives in France.” = in France refers to the place.
— “The children go to school.” = at school
expresses a movement.

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

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