Unit 4.1

Passive Voice of Verbs

Verbs

The passive form expresses the idea of something or someone receiving an action or experiencing a particular event or effect. {See Passive Structure, B1 level}

By using the tenses of the auxiliary verb to be and the past participle of the main verb we can form passive forms.

We can use the passive structure in every tense:

TENSESUBJECTAUXILIARY SINGULARAUXILIARY PLURALPAST PARTICIPLE
Present SimpleThe book/ booksisarewritten
Present PerfectThe book/ bookshas beenhave beenwritten
Past SimpleThe book/ bookswaswerewritten
Past PerfectThe book/ bookshad beenhad beenwritten
Future SimpleThe book/ bookswill bewill bewritten
Future PerfectThe book/ bookswill have beenwill have beenwritten
Present ProgressiveThe book/ booksis beingare beingwritten
Past ProgressiveThe book/ bookswas beingwere beingwritten

 

  • She must wear helmet in the construction area. > Helmets must be worn in the construction area.
  • We completed the project on time. > The project was completed on time.
  • We use the passive verb forms in the same way as the active verb forms;
  • We use it when we want to give importance to the object that undergoes the action.

The passive form expresses the idea of something or someone receiving an action or experiencing a particular event or effect.

We form the passive forms with the auxiliary verb to be and the past participle of the main verb.

You can see the difference between active and passive forms below:

ACTIVE FORMPASSIVE FORM
We  completed the project on time.

We: Subject

The project was completed on time.

The project: Subject   Was completed: Passive verb

She must wear the helmet in the construction area.

She: Subject              

Helmets must be worn in the construction area.

Helmets: Subject     Be worn: Passive verb

 

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