Unit 4.2

Have and Have got Interrogative

Verbs

Have/have got is a verb used to express states like possessions, relationships, illnesses and characteristics of people and things.

When expressed in its interrogative form, it is used to ask questions about the possession of something.

The present simple tenses of have and have got are:

To have

Its structure, in the interrogative form, is:
Do/Does + subject + have + object + …?

  • Do/does: in the interrogative form, the third person singular changes from do to does:
Do/DoesSubjecthaveQuestion Mark
DoIhave?
Doyouhave?
Doeshehave?
Doesshehave?
Doesithave?
Dowehave?
Doyouhave?
Dotheyhave?

To have got

Its structure, in the interrogative form, is:
Have/Has + subject + got + object + …?

  • Have/has: in the interrogative form, the third person singular changes from have to has.
Have/HasSubjectGotQuestion Mark
HaveIgot?
Haveyougot?
Hashegot?
Hasshegot?
Hasitgot?
Havewegot?
Haveyougot?
Havetheygot?

To have

  • Do you have lunch at 2 p.m.?
  • Did she have two dogs?does she have two dogs?will she have two dogs?

To have got

  • Have I got pasta for my lunch?
  • Had she got two dogs?has she got two dogs?will she have got two dogs?

We use Do I have…? and Have I got…? when we ask whether someone possesses someone/something. We use them also to express relationships, illnesses and characteristics of people and things. However they’re not completely interchangeable.

To have

  • Can be used to express actions;
  • Can be used to express past, present and future.

To have got

  • Cannot be used to express actions;
  • Can only be used to express the present.

Have and have got, in the interrogative form, are used to ask about states such as possessions, relationships, illnesses and characteristics of the subject. However, we cannot use one instead of the other.

  • Have can be used to express actions in the past, present and future. In the interrogative form, we start with do followed by the subject, have and an object (the sentence ends with a question mark). In the third person singular, we use does.
  • Have got cannot be used to express actions. It can only be used to express the present. In the interrogative form, we start with have followed by the subject, got and an object (the sentence ends with a question mark). In the third person singular, we use has.

For example:
— “Do I have lunch at 2 p.m?” / Have I got lunch at 2 p.m?“ = We use have because it is an action.
— “Have I got a car?” = We use have got because it is the possession of something in the present.

NOTE: Have is also used as an auxiliary verb in certain tenses to talk about actions. In that case, we do not need to use do or does. We cannot use have got for this. (“Have you done it?” / Have you got done it?).

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

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