Unit 6.1

Past Simple Affirmative

Tenses

The past simple is the tense used to express situations, events and actions that happened in the past.

When expressed in its affirmative form, the verb confirms something about the subject.

The past simple of regular verbs, in their affirmative form, has this structure:
Subject + Verb (Past tense) + …

Regular

Past form of the verb: verb + -ed.

SubjectVerb (past tense)
Iworked
Youworked
Heworked
Sheworked
Itworked
Weworked
Youworked
Theyworked

Exceptions

  • Verbs with suffix -y preceded by a consonant: change -y to -i and add -ed.
InfinitiveVerb (past tense)
studystudied
crycried
worryworried
  • Verbs with suffix -e: add only -d.
InfinitiveVerb (past tense)
hopehoped
decidedecided
arrivearrived
  • Verbs with a consonant suffix (except: w, y) preceded by a stressed vowel: double the consonant and add -ed.
InfinitiveVerb (past tense)
stopstopped
banbanned
traveltravelled

Regular

  • I baked delicious biscuits yesterday.
  • He played basketball for 8 years.
  • They visited Estonia in 2012.

Exceptions

Consonant + -y

  • I studied a lot for the exams.
  • Their children cried all the time.
  • He applied to Oxford University last year.

Base form with suffix -e

  • I hoped to meet you yesterday.
  • The school decided to call your parents.
  • They arrived in Valencia two days ago.

Stressed vowel + consonant suffix

  • He stopped doing exercise long ago.
  • My friend suggested going to the banned beach.
  • They travelled every summer when they were young.

We use the past simple, in the affirmative form, to confirm:

  • Actions, situations and events that occurred and finished in the past;
  • Repeated events and habits that took place in the past;
  • Past events and with time expressions such as: two weeks ago, last year, in 2010, yesterday

We use the past simple, in the affirmative form, to confirm situations that occurred in the past and have now concluded.

The structure of regular verbs is:
Subject + Verb (Past tense) + …

For example:
— Regular verbs: “You ask.” ⇒ “You asked.” = We just add -ed.

The past simple tense of regular verbs is formed differently depending on the base form of the verb used.

For example:
— Suffix -y: “I try.” ⇒ “I tried.” = We change y to i and add -ed.
— Suffix -e: “I dance.” ⇒ “I danced.” = We just add -d.
— Suffix with stressed vowel + consonant (except -w and -y): “I plan.” ⇒ “I planned.” = We double the consonant and add -ed.

Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context.

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