Unit 11.1

Yes or No Questions


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Introduction

Auf English gibt es zwei haupt Fragetypen: Yes/No Questions und Wh- Questions.

Yes/No Questions werden auch Closed Questions oder Polar Questions genannt, weil die Antwort nur Yes oder No sein kann. Die Antworten werden Short Answers genannt.

EXTRA: Yes/No Questions = Ja/Nein Fragen; Wh- Questions = Wh- Fragen.

Form

Yes/No Questions haben diese Form:
Auxiliary/modal verb + subject + noun/verb + …?

Question Affirmative Short Answer Negative Short Answer
Do you…? Yes, I do./Yes, we do. No, I don’t./No, we don’t.
Does he…? Yes, he does. No, he doesn’t.
Can we…? Yes, we can. No, we can’t.
Have you got…? Yes, I have./Yes, we have. No, I haven’t./No, we haven’t.
Has he got…? Yes, he has. No, he hasn’t.
Would you like…? Yes, I would./Yes, we would. No, I wouldn’t./No, we wouldn’t.
Are you…? Yes, I am. No, I‚m not.
Were you…? Yes, I was./Yes, we were. No, I wasn’t./No, we weren’t.
Was it…? Yes, it was. No, it wasn’t.
Did they…? Yes, they did. No, they didn’t.

Kurzantworten haben diese Form:
Yes/no + , + subject + auxiliary/modal verb (the same as the verb of the question).

Example

  • Do you like the president? – Yes, I do. / Yes, I like. – No, I don’t.
  • Did she go to the hospital? – Yes, she did. – No, she didn’t.
  • Were you at church today? – Yes, we were. – No, we weren’t.

Use

Um eine Closed Question zu erstellen, sind die einzigen erlaubte Verben Hilfsverben (be, have, do, u.s.w.) oder modalverben (can, could, would usw.).

Normalerweise wiederholen wir ein Hilfs- oder Modal-Verb in einer Short Answers. Es ist nicht notwendig, das Verb zu wiederholen.

Summary

Wir rufen Yes/No Questions, Closed Question oder Polar Fragen als Antwort kann nur Yes oder No sein. Die Antwort auf diese Fragen heißt eine Short Answers.

  • Die Bildung einer Ja/Nein Fragen:
    Auxiliary/modal verb + subject + noun/verb + …?
  • Kurze Antworten sind so:
    Yes/no + , + subject + auxiliary/modal verb (the same as the verb of the question).

Zum Beispiel:
— „Do you like cats? -Yes, I do.“ = Da die Frage mit to do gestellt wurde (Do you like cats?), wird die short answer das selbe Verb haben (Yes, I do).

NOTE: Wir können nur ein Hilfsverb benutzen (have/be…) oder ein Modalverb (can/could/would…), um eine Yes/No Questions zu erstellen.

Let’s revise this content within the [Form] section. Take a look at the [Example] section that shows its use within a context.

Exercises


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