Unit 10.2

Would Like


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Introduction

Would like používame, keď chceme vyjadriť svoje požiadavky alebo ponuky zdvorilejším spôsobom.

Form

Would je modálne pomocné sloveso a v spojení s like (would like) tvorí zdvorilú podobu vyjadrenie požiadavky alebo ponuky. Tvar tejto štruktúry je vždy rovnaký, dokonca aj v tretej osobe jednotného čísla.

Táto štruktúra sa zvyčajne vyskytuje v troch tvaroch:

Kladný tvar

kladnom tvare má jeho štruktúra túto podobu:
Subject + would like + [to + verb]/noun + …

Subject would like To + Verb/ Noun
I would like to work /pizza
You would like to work /pizza
He would like to work /pizza
She would like to work /pizza
It would like to work /pizza
We would like to work /pizza
You would like to work /pizza
They would like to work /pizza

Záporný tvar

V zápornom tvare má jeho štruktúra túto podobu:
Subject + would + not + like + [to + verb]/noun + …

  • Skrátený tvar záporného tvaru je wouldn’t.
Subject would + not Like To + Verb/ Noun
I would not like to work /pizza
You would not like to work /pizza
He would not like to work /pizza
She would not like to work /pizza
It would not like to work /pizza
We would not like to work /pizza
You would not like to work /pizza
They would not like to work /pizza

Opytovací tvar

V opytovacom tvare má jeho štruktúra túto podobu:
Would + subject + like + [to + verb]/noun + …?

Would Subject Like To + Verb/ Noun Question
Mark
Would I like to work /pizza ?
Would you like to work /pizza ?
Would he like to work /pizza ?
Would she like to work /pizza ?
Would it like to work /pizza ?
Would we like to work /pizza ?
Would you like to work /pizza ?
Would they like to work /pizza ?

Example

Kladný tvar

  • would like some stamps, please.
  • She would like to exchange some euros for pounds.
  • They would like 2 tickets for bus 89.

Záporný tvar

  • wouldn’t like any stamps.
  • She wouldn’t like to exchange any euros for pounds.
  • They wouldn’t like any tickets for bus 89.

Opytovací tvar

  • Would you like any stamps?
  • Would she like to exchange some euros for pounds?
  • Would they like any tickets for bus 89?

Use

Would like používame, keď chceme vyjadriť to, čo slovesom want, ale zdvorilejším spôsobom, najmä keď niečo ponúkame či o niečo žiadame.

Summary

Would like používame, keď chceme vyjadriť svoje požiadavky alebo ponuky zdvorilejší formou, ktorá je miernejší ako u slovesa want.

Môžeme ho použiť v jeho rôznych tvaroch:

  • Kladný tvar: Začíname podmetom, po ktorom nasleduje would like a sloveso v infinitíve alebo podstatné meno.
  • Záporný tvar: Začíname podmetom, po ktorom nasleduje would not like a sloveso v infinitíve alebo podstatné meno.
  • Opytovací tvar: Začíname would, po ktorom nasleduje podmet, po ktorom nasleduje sloveso like a sloveso v infinitíve alebo podstatné meno (veta je ukončená otáznikom).

Napríklad:
— Kladný tvar: „I would like a cup of tea.“
— Záporný tvar: „I wouldn’t like a cup of tea.“
— Opytovací tvar: „Would you like a cup of tea?

POZNÁMKA: Like má iný význam než would like: like používame keď chceme vyjadriť, že máme niečo radi.

Napríklad:
— „would like to do some sport.“ = Použijeme would like na vyjadrenie želania podmetu si zašportovať.
♦ „I like sport.“ = Použijeme like na vyjadrenie toho, že podmet má všeobecne rád šport.

Prejdime si túto látku v sekcii {Form}. Pozrite sa na sekciu {Example}, ktorá ukazuje jej použitie v kontexte.

Exercises

External link to Would Like exercises (55).



More exercises

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